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Tribal Area Development Project

PROJECT BRIEF

1.         INTRODUCTION

                 The project area is located in Tribal belt of District DG Khan & Rajanpur Tribal Areas, constitute the poorest belt of province in terms of infrastructure and socio economic conditions. People of this area are far behind in every sphere of life including per capita income, employment and socio economic productivity.                

                 Tribal area comprises a long strip of Suleman Range Mountains stretching from North to South through the entire length of both the districts. It is spread over an area of 10350 sq. km touching the boundaries of KPK, Sindh and Balochistan. The topography of area comprises mainly of hilly and immensely hard terrains, having steep slopes and high peaks. The population of 189,400 (Source: Punjab Statistical Survey of 2013- Bureau of Statistics) is concentrated entirely in five union councils of D.G. Khan and one union council of Rajanpur. Socio-Economic and livelihood conditions of tribal peoples are characterized with lack of access and awareness in social, political and economic areas. This belt with tribal administration is divided in 9 Tumans (Tribal Chief’s) “six tumans of D.G. Khan include Qaisrani, Khaitran, Buzdar, Lund, Khosa, Leghari and of Rajanpur are Gurchani, Dareeshak & Mazari”.

                 The Tribal area till 2015 had 5 Union Councils, however, the number of union councils have been increased to 10.  The names of union councils (Project Area) are; 1) Mithwan, 2) Berote Mandani, 3) Fazla Katch, 4) Barthi, 5) Theekar, 6) Mubarki, 7) Tuman Khosa, 8) Tuman Leghari Bala, 9) Tuman Leghari Zarain, 10) Mut Khund.  In the light of this change, the project targets and allocations per union council also needs to be enhanced, so to cater specifically for each union council.      

2.            OBJECTIVES

                 The project objectives are to reduce poverty through improved physical and social infrastructure and to increase the income of the people of tribal area of district DG Khan & Rajanpur by improvement in agriculture for improved crop production, better and improved livestock extension and services and improved skill trainings to the tribal youth. The efficient use of resources for development of tribal areas can result in reduction of poverty and in environmental & social sustainability.

                 Natural resources present in the tribal areas will be mobilized through project activities for income generation, ultimately leading to poverty alleviation.  In order to bridge the disparities of physical, social, economic and cultural conditions between tribal communities and people of settled areas of DG Khan and Rajanpur, it is necessary to execute physical and social interventions through small and mega projects with quantitative actions.

                 Therefore, the project objectives are (i) to provide road & communication access, (ii) to provide solar energy for electricity and (iii) to provide water for drinking and irrigation to the residents of the tribal areas.

3.          COMPONENTS OF THE PROJECT

      Project consists of three components as under:

  1. Physical Infrastructure Development

    1. Construct Metelled roads

The population of Tribal areas is scattered over an area of 10350 sq km with a scanty road network of 200.84 km (metalled) and 867.38 km (Jeep-able track) of dilapidated conditions. No appropriate access is provided to poor tribal residents with lowest road intensity of 0.0010 in Pakistan. Existing road network present in tribal area is insufficient and is in dilapidated condition

In the first phase of execution between (2014-2016), the Project is in process of constructing 7 metalled roads with a total length of 143 km.  These roads are being constructed in the hard and tough mountainous tribal areas and are at different stages of completion, which is the first time in the history of tribal areas that such a length of road is being constructed.

List of under Construction Roads

Sr.
No.

Name of Road

Union Council

District

Length

(Km)

Cost
(Rs. In M)

Achievement till

June 2016

Financial

Physical

1

Ronghan post to Sur Thokh via Mut Chandia

Tuman Leghari,

Mubarki

DG Khan

25

273

144

60%

2

Barthi to Theekar

Barthi

DG Khan

8

85

84

99%

3

Rahim Kothi to Kharar Buzdar via Mubarki Top

Tuman Leghari,

Mubarki

DG Khan

40

461

172

39%

4

Gagan Thall to Gajri Thokh

T. Leghari

DG Khan

20

256

150

54%

5

Sakhi Bore Bukhsh to Harrand Road

Mut Khund

Rajanpur

8

77

66

84%

6

Chitri to Sakhi Bore Bukhsh via Kahan Khund

Mut Khund

Rajanpur

32

429

230

61%

7

Shahdad Gore to Mut Khund

Mut Khund

Rajanpur

5

122

116

91%

Total

138

1,703

963

70%

 

List of Approved Jeepable Tracks

Sr.
No.

Name of Road

Union

Council

District

Estimated

Length (Km)

1

Dalana to Lakha

Mubarki

DG Khan

13

2

Cement Factory Conveyer Belt to Zinda Pir

Mubarki

DG Khan

8.5

3

Marri to Chambhri

Mut Khund

Rajanpur

15

Total

36.5

 

  1. Community Development

    1. Electrification of Remote Tribal Areas by Alternate Energy Sources

Only few villages of tribal area of DG Khan District are electrified from Punjab or Balochistan and rest of tribal areas of both districts is deprived of this facility.

To identify the needs and requirements of the community a baseline and need assessment survey was identified in the TORs of the Community Development Consultant

Project proposes to address this need of tribal inhabitants through provision of solar energy. The community development (CD) sub project of solar energy would not exceed Rs. 1.5 million. Community Development Consultant (NGO) would be hired for implementing this component through community organizations.    

The PMU got conducted the base line and need assessment survey form Community Development Consultant (CDC) to identify the base lines and also the need assessment for designing the future projects keeping in view the community needs.

During the project period 2009-14, the PMU provided 20 to 50 Watt solar systems to 4083 residents forming 228 Community Organizations (COs).  However, with the revised methodology, the said process has been improved and the PMU distributed in a transparent manner 10327 systems to 486 COs.  The monitoring has been strict and through apps by using time and geo tagged pictures of the units are available of the website of TADP. The said intervention has created a revolution in the area and now one find lights in the night in the otherwise primitive and dark tribal area.  This has brought a change in the living styles and now people are further demanding the same, as energy is one of the basic needs of the community.

  1. Community Development Sub Projects

Community Infrastructure Development sub projects will address the community needs at community level. The sub projects may be vetted by Line Departments of respective districts as per the nature of the Project.

The maximum cost for each subproject will be Rs.1.5 Million and not less than 0.1 million. Implementation period will be upto 6 months, however, it may be increased/ decreased at par with site condition of the project.

All Community Development subprojects are implemented through Community Organizations (CO’s) under the supervision of consultant NGO. All subproject will be got approved from Scrutiny and Approval Committee (S&AC) before implementation. After approval of sub project, community will deposit their 20% upfront share in Bank. The accounts are operated, jointly, by one member of community organization and one representative of Community Development Consultant (NGO). The selection criterion is to target the poverty and equitable distribution of benefits. PMU will encourage gender participation keeping in view the socio-economic and cultural values of the tribal area. Different kinds of community development sub projects may be executed e.g. Tube wells, Deep Wells, Pipe Lines for Irrigation, Water Regulatory Structures, Mini dams, Earthen/ Pacca Bunds, Water Reservoirs, Water Tanks, Protection Bunds, Protection Walls, Community Jeepable tracks using bulldozers, Silt trap structures, Hand Pumps, Solar Tube wells in areas which underground water is available.

During the project period 2009-14, the PMU approved and executed schemes of Rs.77 million 223 Community Organizations (COs).  However, with the revised methodology, the said process has been improved and the PMU initiated 179 schemes valuing Rs.108 million, which cover Water Supply for Drinking, Water for Irrigation, Mini dams, Soli Conservation, Silt trap structures, Solar tube-wells, community jeepable tracks etc. The monitoring has been strict and through apps by using time and geo tagged pictures of the schemes from start till end are available of the website of TADP.

The monitoring has been strict and through apps by using time and geo tagged pictures of the units are available of the website of TADP

  1. Social Infrastructure

    1. Improving education facilities in the educational institutions thereby promoting enrolment and education by capacity building.

TADP has allocated Rs. 5 million for enhancement of enrollment in educational institutions in tribal area of both districts and improvement in service delivery by provision of capacity building through soft component. The literacy level is much lower as compared with settled areas. In tribal area 411 Nos of schools are present, which are sufficient to cover the population of entire tribal area of District DG Khan & Rajanpur, but their functionality is very poor due tough hilly terrain with missing facilities like drinking water, furniture, education material, sanitation etc. leads to non-presence of teachers through main serving system for effective monitoring of service delivery using android phones. Schools present in the area face accessibility problems both for students coming from adjacent scattered villages as well as by staff posted there. Due to less profitability and low enrollment privately owned / operated schools are also lacking in the area.

Most functional schools of tribal area will be assisted through provision of viable interventions recommended by respective DCO’s, regarding Capacity building through soft component to improve service deliver in education sector.

  1. Skill Generation Training through PSDF

Training will be imparted to the youth of tribal area through Punjab Skill Development Fund (PSDF) in different trades. The specific trade for tribal area identified through Community Development Consultant (NGO) would be executed for trailer made training courses. The provision includes the training cost, examination fee, monitoring fee and 5% service charges of PSDF, as agreed in the pre-PDWP meeting.

The training will be imparted to 1,000 tribal youth (subject to availability of budgetary provision), during the project period to create self-employment and income generation. The need for training would be determine by Community Development Consultant (NGO) after need assessment survey. The tribal youth for training shall hold valid CNIC and domicile of the Tribal Area and would be selected through Community Development Consultant (NGO) after need identification. Equal numbers of trainees would be selected from each union council, depending upon time availability of required educational qualification.

A lumpsum provision of Rs.60 Million has been provided under Skill Generation.

  1. Border Military Police / Baluch Levy Check Posts by capacity building

Border Military Police is responsible for maintenance law & order situation in Tribal area of DG Khan & Rajanpur along with supervision of borders of Punjab, KPK, Sindh and Balochistan. BMP had been performing dual duties of maintenance of law and order within the Tribal Area and vigilance on the borders of the KPK, Sindh and Balochistan. With the passage of time, BMP has been facing many contemporary challenges in securing Punjab’s adjacent borders with two provinces with meager resources and insufficient HR.

Thus the role of BMP is of utmost important in maintaining law and order of Tribal Area which constitutes a buffer zone for Punjab. With limited resources and insufficient H.R, the BMP provides front-line security to the strategic installations/ projects of national importance situated in different areas of this Tribal Area. Hence a lump sum provision of 13.59 million for capacity building and soft component has been provided. The desired needs would be processed through DCO’s of Project districts and would be approved.

4.                     PHYSICAL & FINANCIAL PROGRESS FROM 01-07-14 TO 30-06-16

The financial progress report of the scheme till 31.06.2016 is as under:-

                                                                                                                                   (In Million)

#

Component

Cost

Funds

released

Exp. 31.05.2016

%age

Utilized

Target Achieved

1

Physical Infrastructure Development (PID)

 

Construction of Metalled Roads

1712

963

963

100%

·      Work on 7 (seven) metalled roads measuring 138 Km started after following all procedures as prescribed in PC-1.

·      The road construction is being carried out by C&W Department, ECSP is working as resident construction supervision.

·      Overall physical progress is 70%

2

Community Development Component (CDC)

a

Community Development

338

63

63

100%

179 Community Organizations are formed and 55 are completed and remaining are at different stages of completion. The types of schemes are water supply for drinking, water supply for irrigation, soil conservation structures, Jeepable tracks etc.

b

Solar Energy

349

280

280

100%

10,327 Nos. 50 Watt Solar systems distributed to 486 community organizations

3

Social Infrastructure Development, Institutional Support & Consultancies (SIDC)

a

Educational Facility

5

-

-

-

-

b

Health Facility

7.5

6

6

100%

Thirteen (13) Health institutions of Tribal Area of DG Khan and Rajanpur provided with 3000 Watt Hybrid Solar system

c

Livestock Facility

7.5

6

6

100%

Thirteen (13) Veterinary Health institutions of Tribal Area of DG Khan and Rajanpur provided with 3000 Watt Hybrid Solar system

d

BMP/ baluch Levy

10

4

4

100%

Sixty three (63) solar systems of 100 Watt each provided to Border Military Police/ Baluch Leavy

e

Skill Generation

60

18

18

100%

·    Punjab Skill Development Fund (PSDF) has been engaged as Implementing Partner for imparting training to tribal youth. In one year a total of 113 tribal youth has been imparted training in different fields

·    At present, 218 Nos of tribal youth are undergoing trainings in different trades

f

Institutional Support / Operational Cost

  308.77

 

111

111

100%

Cost includes all institutional/ operational expenditures like purchase of vehicles, furniture/ fixture, POL, vehicle operating cost, salaries etc.

g

Physical and Price Contingency

56

-

-

-

-

h

Consultancy

32

16.6

16.6

100%

Cost to be allocated on man months prorate basis to four consultancies i) Topography Survey Consultant ii) Baseline Survey Consultant iii) Community Development Consultant iv) Resident Construction Supervision Consultant

Total:

3,381

1,468

1468

100%